Nagy Imre Memorial House

 1945  1953  1956

After World War II. on three occasions Imre Nagy was in a position to fundamentally and positively influence the life of Hungary and that of his compatriots: 
• in 1945, as „minister of land redistribution” with the land reform; 
• from 1953 as prime minister with a popular, democratic governmental program; 
• in 1956, as Prime Minister of the Revolution and the Struggle for Independence. His political views, with concrete steps taken and implementation of ideas at national level, his undertakings were of lasting value.
The land reform, the government’s reform program, and his premiership during the revolution are outstanding human and political achievements in 20th century Hungary.



The land reform in 1945 had immense and decisive consequences in economical, social and political aspects. The land reform was not opposed by any of the major political and social forces. All contemporary democratic-minded experts, politicians and parties were aware of the need to breakdown the feudal land structure and agreed with the necessity of land reform. (More details in the exhibition).



In 4th July in 1953 Imre Nagy propounded his program in the Parliament. It brought hope and relief after the Rákosi dictatorship. This program was characterized by the new Prime Minister’s plebeian, national communism. He proclaimed lawfulness, legality and peace instead of the total dictatorship for the citizens.
1953 Imre Nagy’s program eliminate the internments and deportations – close the labor and internment camps (Recsk, Kistarcsa Kazincbarcika, Tiszalök) – general amnesty (750 thousand people were affected positively) – abolish the police arbitration, establish the Supreme Public Prosecutor’s Office – the political police (AVH) will be subordinate to the Ministry of the Interior, to halt violence by the official bodies – launch a review of the political “show trials” – elimination of the so called „kulak lists”, terminate the backlogs and significantly reducing the burden of compulsory delivery – secure the possibility of dissolution and the right to leave the agricultural co-operatives – support the individual holdings (government loan, with tools, seeds) – raise the standard of living; reduce the prices of foodstuffs and consumer goods, increase the wages – stop forced development of heavy industry, agriculture and light industries to be developed – state support for small private industry and commerce, and also provide loans – religious tolerance, the churches get support again.
These decisions were implemented in our country, making Imre Nagy incredibly popular. At this time the Prime Minister got his positive image in the awareness and memory of the Hungarian society. The positive effects of the platform are completely suppressed by the Kádár regime. Ever since 1989 the anti-communist spirit has not allowed the social recognition of this positive reform period . (More details in the exhibition).

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"Imre Nagy, into the government!" On October 23rd the protesters (in the whole country) trusted only one person, they demanded the “minister of land redistribution”, the reformer in 1953.
Imre Nagy, as the Prime Minister of the Revolution and war of independence, legitimized the events of 1956 to the whole world by adopting and executing the revolutioners’ policy and by taking concrete measures in accordance with ideas of the revolution on state level. Even failing he did not betray the principles of the Revolution, his compatriots and his nation. Imre Nagy remained to be faithful to his beliefs and principles, to the country and the revolution until his death. His figure has become an example of morality and a symbol of loyalty to the people.

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MTA Imre Nagy Memorial House
43. Orsó street, H-1026 Budapest
Phone/fax: +36-1-392-5011, +36-1-392-5012